International Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences 2024-04-28T18:53:17+00:00 Prof. K.O. Soyebo Open Journal Systems <p><strong>A Journal of the Family Consumer Sciences Society of Nigeria</strong></p> Table of Contents 2024-04-28T18:43:41+00:00 IJFACS <p>INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FAMILY AND CONSUMER SCIENCES</p> <p>ISSN 2315—9367</p> <p>OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF FAMILY AND</p> <p>CONSUMER SCIENCES SOCIETY OF NIGERIA</p> <p>VOLUME 11, 2023</p> 2024-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 TALLOW TREE (Allanblackia floribunda) SEED OIL A BETTER SUBSTITUTE FOR PALM OIL IN SOAP MAKING FOR FAMILY SUSTAINABILITY IN ETCHE AND EMUOHA LGA OF RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA 2024-04-24T20:40:45+00:00 Salomi O.O. OKWECHIME, U. J <p>Tallow tree (Allanblackia floribunda) an underutilized wild fruit tree found in Etche and Emuoha local government areas were investigated for its potential in soap making. Hot water flotation method was used to extract the oil from the seeds and used in soap making. Standard Methods were used to determine the physical and chemical compositions of soap produced. Results showed Total fatty matter of 67% and 65% for A. floribunda and palm oil soap respectively. Moisture and volatile matter content gave values of 21% and 24%, while Matter insoluble in water was 0.5% and 1.0% accordingly, Matter insoluble in ethanol was significantly (p &lt; 0.05) higher in palm oil soap 4.0% as against 2.5% in A. floribunda soap. Free caustic alkali was 0.15% for A. floribunda soap and 0.2% in palm oil soap; unsaponifiable matter gave values of 0.1% and 2.0% while Chloride content was 1.5% in both samples. Palm oil soap showed cracking in the cracking test and did not pass staining test while there was no crack in A. floribunda soap which also passed the staining test. Allanblackia floribunda seed oil can be considered economically important in promoting family livelihood. The seed oil is odourless and does not require any form of modification before use in soap making unlike palm oil that needs bleaching and other form of conditioning. A. floribunda oil is therefore recommended as alternative to palm oil in soap making</p> 2024-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 MICROBIAL AND SENSORY EVALUATION OF HOMEMADE WINE PRODUCED FROM WATERMELON AND PINEAPPLE FRUITS BLEND 2024-04-24T20:34:55+00:00 Folorunso A.A <p>This study focused on the sensory and microbial evaluation of homemade wines produced from watermelon and pineapple fruit blend. The wines were produced using standard methods with three different mixing proportions (50:50, 80:20 &amp; 20:80) of fruit blends under the same conditions and procedures. The microbial evaluation was conducted on the wine samples to determine the consumption safety using standard methods. The samples were presented to a 100 member panelists to rate them on the hedonic scale where 9 was maximum and 1 was minimum. The result showed that WP1 (50:50) had the lowest value of Total Heterotrophic Bacterial Count and Fungal Count of 1.0×102 Cfu/ml and 0.00Cfu/ml respectively. Also, results showed that there were significant difference at (p&lt;0.05) in the results for sensory evaluation between WP1 (50:50), WP2 (80:20), and WP3 (20:80), as WP3 had the highest in all the sensory qualities of appearance, aroma, taste, consistency and general acceptability respectively It was concluded that wine produced from 20% watermelon, and 80% pineapple (WP3) was most preferable by the panelists, while wine produced from 50% watermelon and 50% pineapple (WP1) was the safest. However, all samples were safe for consumption because their values met the safe levels of both the heterotrophic and fungal counts.</p> 2024-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ASSESSMENT OF Sorghum bicolor Leaves and Hibiscus sabdarifa CALYCES AS DYE ON COTTON FABRICS FOR WEALTH CREATION IN POST-COVID-19 PERIOD 2024-04-24T20:49:28+00:00 ABDULQUADIR, I. O ADEBISI, T.T. <p>The study assessed the extraction and application of dyes from Sorghum bicolor leaves and Hibiscus sabdarifa calyces on cotton fabrics as a means of wealth creation during covid_19 period. It examined extracted dyes from the two plants, the composition, the color properties, and acceptability of consumers on these plant dyes for wealth creation. The study adopted research and development design. The composition were determined by High Performance Liquid Chromatography. Colorimeter was used to determine the L*a*b* colour properties. Acceptability of Treated Fabric Evaluation with a rating scale of 1-5 and 3 was decision rule. Two coded samples treated with the dye extracts were assessed by sixty respondents. Frequency, mean, and standard deviation were used to analyze the data. The HPLC analysis of the extracts showed that anthocyanin is the major colour bearing compound in Sorghum bicolor leaves and Hibiscus sabdarifa calyces. The colour properties identified showed that sample HYS is brighter with the value 54.82 than sample SXB with 54.07. The redness to greenness shows that the samples are reddish however, SXB is more reddish with a* value of 14.50 than HYS with a value 11.43. HYS is more bluish with b* value-19.21 while sample SXB has a value of -6.39. It was revealed that the two samples were acceptable in terms of overall acceptability: HYS is more acceptable with a value of 4.74 and SXB is 3.57. It was concluded that Sorghum bicolor and Hibiscus sabdarifa are good sources of natural plant dyes as they are rich in colour yielding compounds. It was recommended that the awareness of its utilization for households and commercial dyeing should be publicized as means of wealth creation.</p> 2024-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 INFLUENCE OF MODERN FASHION ON DRESSING PATTERN OF FEMALE UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SELECTED STATE UNIVERSITIES IN OGUN STATE 2024-04-28T10:52:40+00:00 BASHORUN, O. E. ADEBISI, T. T BRAIDE, O. O. MOJEED, A. M. LAWAL, A. O. Kolawole, H. O. <p>Rape and some other deviant behavioural cases reported in Nigerian universities have sometimes been attributed to the type of clothing worn by the undergraduates. Hence, the influence of modern fashion on dressing pattern of Female Undergraduate Students (FUS) in selected state universities in Ogun State. Socio-economic characteristics, influence of modern fashion on dressing pattern of female undergraduates and constraints to decent dressing were considered. Multi-stage sampling techniques were employed. Firstly, 67% of the 3 state universities in Ogun state were randomly selected, resulting in two universities. Secondly, two Faculties/Colleges were selected randomly from Olabisi Onabanjo University and in Tai Solarin University of Education. Thirdly, two Departments were randomly selected from each Faculty/College. Lastly, 8% of the total number of students were randomly selected from the Departments. Hence, sample size of 130 FUS was obtained. Findings revealed that most (88.5%) of FUS were single. Majority (80.8%) opined that the mass media advertisement of indecently dressed actresses was a major constraint to decent dressing. Over half (59.2%) of the respondents strongly agreed that modern fashion encourages smartness in dressing. However, the undergraduates strongly agreed that modern fashion propels indecent dressing among FUS (55.4%). Nonetheless, most (83.8%) of the FUS were positively influenced by modern fashion in their dressing pattern. There was no significant difference between the influence of modern<br>fashion on the dressing pattern of FUS in the selected Universities (p=0.230). It was recommended that mass media should endeavour to promote decency in advertisement. Students should be oriented on what entails modesty in dressing.</p> 2024-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 AFTERMATH OF COVID-19 ON PILLARS OF FOOD SECURITY: THE RURAL HOUSEHOLDS’ PERSPECTIVES 2024-04-28T11:21:37+00:00 ALABI, D. L. ALAO, O. T. OMOTOSO, A. J. <p>Rural areas of Nigeria are mainly agrarian and majority of their dwellers practice subsistence farming characterised with small farm size and low productivity. The advent of COVID-19 pandemic with its inherent challenges on agriculture further posed a serious threat on the survival of the resource-poor rural households. This study was a post-COVID assessment of how rural households perceived the effects of the pandemic on four major pillars of food security. Data was collected from 156 randomly selected rural households using validated interview schedule. Data was analysed using appropriate descriptive and inferential statistics. Results revealed that although, majority (57.7%) had adequate knowledge about COVID-19 pandemic, more than half (53.2%) had indifferent perception towards it. Majority (89.1%) perceived the effects of COVID-19 pandemic to be serious on all the pillars of food security despite adopting<br>multiple coping strategies to mitigate the effects of the pandemic. The government rarely gave palliatives (mean=0.15) with the majority (85.6%) claiming they had never received any. A negative but significant relationship exists between household size and the perceived effects of the pandemic (r=-0.17; P≤ 0.05). Since the rural households perceived severe effects of the pandemic on food availability, access, utilisation and stability, deliberate development of responsive packages by relevant local, state and federal government agencies to cushioning the effects is germane to averting severe food shortage and hunger in the rural areas.</p> 2024-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 SOCIAL NETWORKING PLATFORMS AND SITES AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ONDO WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT, ONDO STATE 2024-04-28T11:29:45+00:00 LOTO, A. O. OGBORU, J. O. ADEYANJU, B. E. BELLO, M. ADEBAYO, O. W. OWOLABI, I. T. <p>The study investigated social networking platforms and sites among senior secondary school students: strategies for safeguarding patronage. A descriptive survey was used for the study. The population consisted of all undergraduates’ students and all households in Ondo West local government. Three hundred and ninety-nine (399) undergraduates and two hundred and fifty-five (255) parents were randomly selected as respondents. A self-developed structured and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. Data were analyzed using mean. Among others, findings revealed Facebook (4.00), Google (4.00), WhatsApp (4.00), you-tube (3.97) and Instagram (3.89) were social networking platforms and sites patronized among senior secondary school students. They used platforms and sites positively for educational aid e.g. in writing assignments (4.00), communicating with friends and family (4.00), access health and safety<br>information (3.42), academic competition (3.45) and acquisition of vocational and technical skills (3.06). However, the negative effects of unguarded use of the platforms and sites include; internet addiction (3.88), sexting i.e. online sexual solicitation (3.16), distraction from academic activities like reading (3.14), falling victim to internet scam (3.38) and sharing excessive information about self and family (3.56). If at all Facebook will be allowed for them, be their friend and friend to their friends (3.22), if at all twitter and Instagram will be allowed for them, be their followers so as to checkmate what they do (3.63); the time they can spend online should<br>not only be limited but also within a specific period (3.46) and going online to watch video should be prohibited at this stage (3.66) are possible ways to safeguard their use of the platforms and sites. Therefore, parents should be involved in what their adolescent children do online and give them specific time frame to go online.</p> 2024-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 EMPLOYMENT STATUS OF WOMEN AND MARITAL SATISFACTION IN ILORIN SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KWARA STATE, NIGERIA 2024-04-28T11:40:58+00:00 GBADEBO, C. T. OYEGUNWA, O. R. ALADEWOLU, V. T. ADENIJI, O. T. ABRAHAM, M. O. KAREEM, B. B. <p>The study examined employment status of women and mari tal sat isfact ion in I lorin South Local Government Area of Kwara state, Nigeria. Four research questions were raised and two hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05level of significances. Survey research design was adopted for the study and the population comprised all married women numbering 1,500. Using multi-stage sampling technique, 24% of the population was selected to obtain a sample size of 240. The instrument used was questionnaire with a reliability coefficient of 0.716. Data was analysed using frequency counts, percentages, mean and standard deviation. Findings revealed that 59(49.2%) of respondents were between 35 years and above, and 43(35.8%) of respondents were above 10 years in marriage. The highest employment status of the respondents was Civil Servant (58.3%). The findings of revealed that all respondents level of marital satisfaction is moderate. They are satisfied with their marriage. The result of the hypothesis revealed no significant influences of<br>employment status and marital satisfaction among women (p&gt;0.05). Also, there was no led significant influences of spousal cooperation and marital satisfaction among women (p&lt;0.05). It was concluded that employment status does not have negative influence on marital satisfaction and women employment in this period of economic doldrums/stagnation and insecurity in post<br>COVID-19 period. Therefore, working married women should be effective in planning and structuring of their responsibilities and events for quality time with family. Integrate a gender assessment in all country assessments to understand the impact of COVID-19 on women and girls, including economic impact, and how to address it effectively.</p> 2024-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ORGANOLEPTIC AND ACCEPTABILITY ASSESSMENT OF SELECTED IMPROVED INDIGENOUS GHANAIAN DISHES 2024-04-28T11:50:42+00:00 LINDA COBBAH AUSWELL AMFO-ANTIRI KUTUM COMFORT MADAH <p>Ghana is home to more than 70 different ethnic groups with distinct traditional indigenous recipes and dishes that spell out their cultural roots and identity, which have been handed down from generation to generation. However, there seems to be a reduction in the choice and consumption of these due to obsolete ingredients used in contact with foreign cultures, modernity, education, peer influence, convenience, time and method of preparation. Very little information can be found on improved indigenous Ghanaian dishes as most researchers in this field have focused on documenting the recipes rather than improving the existing ones to increase their acceptability and patronage hence this exploratory study. With a sample of 100 respondents, of Winneba community members using convenience and purposive techniques, quantitative and qualitative data were analysed using SPSS version 26 and presented using<br>descriptive statistics. Findings revealed that all respondents (100%) were familiar with the original dishes but scored the improved dishes (Banku, Yakɛyakɛ, Mpɔtɔmpɔtɔ, Peewa, Ɛtɔ, Akankye3, Aky3k3) very high (75% - 95%) with regards to their appearance, aroma, taste, after taste, texture and overall acceptability during the sensory evaluation. A p-value ranging from 0.00 - 0.02 (p&lt;.05) was obtained for all 5 null hypotheses, indicating a rejection of these null hypotheses for their alternate hypotheses. It is therefore concluded that adding other ingredients such as fish powder, soya flour, and assorted vegetables to the original recipes improves the<br>dishes’ sensory properties and increases their acceptability by consumers. It is recommended that homemakers, caterers, and chefs adopt improved recipes to bring variety to the diet of consumers while promoting and maintaining the Ghanaian food culture.</p> 2024-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 SINGLE PARENTING: IMPLICATIONS ON THE FAMILY LIFESTYLE IN POST COVID 19 PERIOD IN ILORIN WEST 2024-04-24T20:09:19+00:00 ABDULKADIR, S. O. GBADEBO, C. T. ADAM, R.O. AHMED. T. <p>The study investigated the challenges of single parenting and its implication on the family lifestyle in Post-COVID period in Ilorin West Local Government of Kwara State. Six (6) objectives were set of which six (6) research questions were raised and three (3) null hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted a survey research design method of which questionnaire was used to obtain information from the respondents. Two Hundred (200) single parents representing about 7% of the total population of Two thousand, Eight Hundred and Thirty-Three (2833) single parents in Ilorin West Local Government were randomly sampled. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the hypotheses were tested using t-test, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC). The results revealed that (3.33±1.47) 29.0% of the parents find it difficult to meet ends, (3.35±1.37) 31.0% of the parents had difficulty in raising their children and paying their education expenses, (3.18±1.39) 28.0% of the children often complained their friends have school items than them, (3.50±1.28) 39.0% of the children felt ashamed to socialize with their peers, (3.59±1.34) 34.0% of the children were deprived of getting assistance from their relatives,<br>(3.66±1.31) 33.0% of the children felt worried and disturbed about carrying out family responsibilities. The findings also revealed that (2.95±1.53) 25.4% of the children were affected academically, (2.88±1.31) 35.5% of the children lack adequate parental care, (3.34±1.30)<br>39.0% experienced anxiety and depression, while (3.25±1.45) 27.5% have inadequate financial capacity. Based on the findings, the study concluded that challenges and implications of single parenting greatly influence the family lifestyle in meeting family ends, raising children and sponsoring their education</p> 2024-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences AMELIORATIVE ROLES OF TIME MANAGEMENT ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AMONG HOME ECONOMICS STUDENT IN UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN 2024-04-28T12:02:07+00:00 ABDULKADIR, S. O. ADEBISI, T.T. TAIWO O.B. <p>This study assessed time management on the academic performance of home economics students in University of Ilorin. Five (5) research questions were raised and four (4) hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The total population was (146) students from 300 and 400 levels department of home economics. A well-structured questionnaire developed by the researcher was used to elicit information from the respondents. The findings revealed that there were variations in the time allocated for activities by students and it is different based on gender. The results also revealed that majority of the respondents agreed that socioeconomic status affect academic performance and certain constraints like poor resource management and procrastination affect the academic performance of the students. Hypothesis one shows a significant difference between male and female student’s time management and their academic performance (F-value of 4.310 and p-value of 0.015). Time management will significantly influence academic performance of undergraduate students (r = 0.222; p-value = 0.005). There was a significant difference between time management and academic performance of students based on their economic status (F = 8.259, p = 0.000). On the other hand, there was no significant relationship between economic status and academic performance of students (r = 0.062; p = 0 .435). It can be concluded that students make adequate and effective use of their allotted time for their activities and their academic performance greatly depend on their management skills. It is therefore recommended that male student improve on activity managing skills. Student should be prepared at all time for impromptu circumstance and should be able to multi-task as this enhances good time management.</p> 2024-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 PROXIMATE ANALYSIS OF BISCUITS PRODUCED FROM WHOLE WHEAT AND SHEA FRUIT (RAW AND OVEN DRIED) PULP 2024-04-28T12:09:31+00:00 Ogundele K. Ovwie, P. O. Ajibade, M. Aliyu, M. Abdullahi, B. I. <p>Proximate quality of biscuits produced from the blends of whole wheat (Triticum vulgare), raw and oven–dried shea fruit (Vitellaria paradoxa) pulp was investigated. Biscuits were produced from raw and oven-dried shea fruit powder (RSFP) and (ODSFP) at 0g, 50g, 100g, 150g, 200g with whole wheat flour. From the results of proximate analysis of RSFP and ODSFP, it was observed that the moisture content% (MC) was (74.48 + 0.90) and (7. 91 + 0.9) respectively. The crude fibre % (CF) content of RSFP (2.58 + 0.08) was low compared to ODSFP (4. 72 + 0.34), the crude protein % (CP) content of the ODSFP (15.03+ 0.36) was higher compared to the RSFP (4.53 + 0.36). Crude fat (CF) % (8.24 + 0.08) in the RSFP is higher than the ODSFP (7.81), the % NFE (7.22 + 0.07) and (60.59+ 0.9), the energy (KCal/g) of ODSFP was 327.77 and that of RSFP was 121.08. The proximate composition of the biscuits produced from ODSFP and RSFP ranged from % MC (8.36±0.02 - 10.64±0.00), ASH (1.49±0.00 – 2.00±0.00), CP (10.50±0.01 – 12.25±0.00), FATS (17.51±0.02 – 21.11±0.00), CF (1.61±0.01 – 1.90±0.00), NFE (53.67±0.00 – 57.93±0.01) respectively. There was significant variation (P&lt; 0.05) in the % MC, ASH, CP, Fats, CF and NFE, respectively. Shea fruit pulp contain wide arrays of nutritional qualities and of great energy given food, therefore there is need to be used in various culinary practices in order to enhance the health of the users.</p> 2024-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 A SURVEY ON THE KNOWLEDGE AND USE OF QUAIL EGGS IN THE EFFUTU MUNICIPALITY OF THE CENTRAL REGION – GHANA. 2024-04-28T12:25:11+00:00 DORCAS OPOKU LINDA COBBAH <p>This descriptive survey focused on investigating consumers’ knowledge of quail eggs, frequency of consumption, and motive of usage among the people of Effutu in the central region of Ghana. Multi-stage sampling techniques (stratified, simple random, and purposive) were used to select a sample size of 392. Data collected with the questionnaire were analysed and presented in descriptive statistics. The Results indicated that out of the 392 respondents, 239 (61%) had knowledge about quail eggs, 127 (53%) of the respondents used quail eggs, and 62 (49%) of those who had ever used the eggs consumed them daily for medicinal purpose rather than food with the majority (87.1%) revealing that they experienced positive results in their health conditions after using the quail eggs. It could be concluded that most Effutu people know about quail eggs but the consumption rate is rather low with the motive of managing degenerative diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, and kidney problems but not as food. Increased education will enhance awareness and patronage of quail eggs and help ameliorate malnutrition since quail eggs are highly nutritious.</p> 2024-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 POST COVID -19 CONSUMPTION STRATEGIES OF MIDDLE-INCOME FAMILIES IN SOUTHWEST, NIGERIA 2024-04-28T18:27:27+00:00 Beatrice Chinyem Oganah-Ikujenyo Awosika, Bridget Itunu <p>This paper investigated the coping strategies adopted by middle income families in south western Nigeria in the post COVID-19 era. The specific objectives of the paper was to: discern the food consumption pattern of families, find out if there are changes in schooling of wards, deduce if there is a change in the family‘s purchasing power and ascertain the level of budgetary allocation to social engagements in post COVID-19 era. To achieve this objective a cross-sectional survey design was adopted. A sample size of 780 middle class workers in the Civil Service from capital cities in three South-Western states, Nigeria (Ikeja, Akure and Osogbo) was selected using<br>purposive and snowball sampling methods. Four research questions were formulated to elicit responses. An online and offline structured questionnaire was administered to elicit responses from the respondents. All data collected were analysed using the SPSS version 20 and described using percentages, means and standard deviation. Findings showed that the pandemic changed food consumption pattern of families) as they are no longer able to afford three daily meals daily even as larger percentage of income is spent on food. The purchasing power of families reduced.) Coping strategies adopted are changes in the status of schooling of wards as families could hardly afford to provide learning materials for their ward; increase in credit purchases and loan; money spent on essential foods while restricting family budget only to priority family needs. Efficient utilization of resources, cooperative/bulk purchases are amongst recommendations made.</p> 2024-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 PROXIMATE ANALYSIS AND SENSORY EVALUATION OF COMPOSITE COMPLEMENTARY FOODS USING DIFFERENT GRAINS 2024-04-28T18:35:50+00:00 Olorundipe, K.I. <p>Adequate nutrition is important during infancy and childhood where a short period of malnutrition has long lasting effects on growth, development and health in the adult life. The study was designed to evaluate the nutrient composition of complementary foods prepared from selected grains and their acceptability among nursing mothers in Ilorin South Local Government Area (LGA) of Kwara State, Nigeria. A descriptive design survey was adopted for the study. A total of 80 consenting mothers aged 18 years above were considered respondents. A pretested, semi-structured questionnaire with a reliability coefficient of 0.77 was used to collect respondents’ demographics. Results showed that 48(60%) of respondents are between ages twenty-five and thirty. Only 20(25%) of the respondents earn above N100, 000 monthly. Four samples; MMO (50% Maize and 50% Millet only), MMSG1 (35% Maize, 35% Millet, 20%<br>Soyabean, 10% Groundnut), MMSG2 (25% Maize, 25% Millet, 30% Soyabean, 20% Groundnut), MMSG3 (22% Maize, 25% Millet, 20% Soyabean, 30% Groundnut) of complementary food were formulated and tested for nutrient composition before preparation and<br>testing for taste, colour, texture, flavour and overall acceptability. Results of Proximate and sensory evaluation show that MMO contains the highest value of Carbohydrate and also the least value of protein and a fat and is the most acceptable of all samples. The study revealed that socioeconomic characteristics of respondents had influence on the overall acceptability of formulated complementary foods. The study recommended that utilization of local foods should be encouraged in preparing protein-energy balanced and nutrient dense complementary foods to battle malnutrition and aid proper growth in infants.C</p> 2024-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024