International Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences 2021-10-21T03:14:57+00:00 Prof. K.O. Soyebo Open Journal Systems <p><strong>A Journal of the Family Consumer Sciences Society of Nigeria</strong></p> STRATEGIES FOR ASSESSING STANDARD OF DAY CARE CENTRES BY PARENTS IN ONDO TOWN 2021-03-19T12:18:30+00:00 Loto, A. O. Ogboru, J. O. Adeyanju, B. E <p>The study investigated the strategies for assessing the standard of day care centers by parents in Ondo town. It adopted a survey research design. The population comprised all parents and all child development specialists in Ondo town. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 146 of both parents and child development specialists across the town. Questionnaire was used for data collection. Mean was used for the analysis. Findings reveal security measures to be put in place in childcare centres include; security officers on patrol (3.76), fencing and gate across the building (3.95), prohibiting visitors from having access to the children without the parents’ knowledge (3.98) among others. Criteria for measuring the competency of personnel in daycare centres among others were pre-requisite knowledge and qualifications in the area of child development (3.08), tolerance with children (3.89) and ability to elicit children’s ideas (3.52). Hygiene maintenance to be put in place among others includes play equipment are to be cleaned and sanitized from time to time (3.73), play areas are to be regularly mopped with antiseptics (3.76) and separate room for a sick child (3.71). It was therefore, recommended that, parents should take time to make their findings of any childcare centre in the area of safety, competency of personnel (owner and workers) and hygiene before patronizing the centre and no visitor should be allowed access to any child without prior notification to the parent.</p> 2021-03-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 ASSESSMENT OF AWARENESS AND CAREER MOTIVATION FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP PRACTICE IN CLOTHING AND TEXTILES BY STUDENTS OF HOME ECONOMICS IN FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, ZARIA 2021-03-19T12:22:07+00:00 Kantiok, E. <p>The paper focused on the awareness and career motivation for entrepreneurship practice in clothing and textiles by students of Home Economics in Federal College of Education, Zaria. The study adopted the survey research design. Two objectives and two research questions and one null hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. The population for the study was NCE 3 and 400 level `students of Home Economics Education in Federal College of Education, Zaria. A total of seventy-five students were purposively sampled. A researcher designed questionnaire was used to collect data from the respondents. The results showed that the respondents have a fair knowledge of the entrepreneurship opportunities available in-Home Economics. The average level of awareness was 42% and many of the respondents would like to take up entrepreneurship in clothing and textiles if the motivating factors are put in place. The hypothesis test revealed that level of awareness has a negatively strong relationship -0.712 with motivation factors for entrepreneurship practice among students of Home Economics in FCE, Zaria. The study concluded that the school curriculum through the clothing and textiles related courses made provision for the students to take up entrepreneurship opportunities in clothing and textiles. The paper recommended amongst others that successful entrepreneurs should be involved in curriculum planning.</p> 2021-03-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 PROXIMATE ANALYSIS AND SENSORY EVALUATION OF INFANT WEANING FOOD PRODUCED WITH COMPOSITE FLOUR OF SORGHUM (Sorghum bicolor), MELON (Citrullus colocynth L) AND FLUTED PUMPKIN (Telfairiaoccidentalis) 2021-03-19T12:24:41+00:00 Alozie, E. N. Ekeh, J. I. <p>Infancy is one of the most critical nutritional periods of life cycle. From age of six months, known as weaning period, an infant’s need for energy and nutrients is provided through complementary foods with nutritional balanced contents. This paper therefore set out to formulate low cost, nutritive infant weaning food using sorghum, melon and fluted pumpkin. Basically the paper determined the proximate and sensory attributes of weaning foods made from composite flour of sorghum, so as to verify its adaptability for household consumption especially for low income earners. The foods were produced by the inclusion of pumpkin seed and melon seed flours to sorghum to form blends ranging from 10% to 20% inclusion of the test flours both separately and in combined forms. Laboratory analysis of the produced weaning foods showed general preference for sample 815 (60:20:20 sorghum, melon and pumpkin) based on a ten-man sensory panelists’ assessment. Similarly, the functional properties indicated significant differences in the water absorption capacity, bulk density, gelation temperature, swelling index, foaming capacity and wettability. Nutritionally, the protein content ranged from 14.53% to 20.9% while the fat content ranged from 3.40% to 16.5%. Ash content and moisture content ranged from 2.31% to 3.11% and 9.64% to 9.87% respectively. Generally, the combination of sorghum, melon and pumpkin seed at 6:20:20 ratio gave the most acceptable blend and was therefore adopted as the best. The study therefore recommended that the blend should be adopted at both domestic and higher levels for weaning of infants.</p> 2021-03-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 IMPACT OF PRIVATE COST OF EDUCATION ON STUDENTS’ PARTICIPATION IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KADUNA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT, KADUNA STATE 2021-03-19T12:30:22+00:00 Yakubu, I. Afolabi, M. J. <p>The study explored the impact of private cost of education on students’ participation in public secondary schools in Kaduna South Local Government, Kaduna State. Two research questions and hypotheses guided the study. Survey research design was used. The target population was made up of 53 principals, 820 teachers and 2,375. A sample of 325 respondents, comprising 5 principals, 82 teachers and 238 students, were selected using research advisor. The instrument named “private cost of education and student participation questionnaire (PCESPQ)” used for data collection was validated by experts in the field of education administration. The reliability co-efficient of the instrument was determined using Cronbach Alpha statistic and a reliability coefficient of 0.79 was obtained. Descriptive statistics of frequency, mean and standard deviation were used to describe data, while analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance, using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.0. Findings in research questions one and two indicates an average mean of 3.02 and 3.35 respectfully, which is higher than the decision mean of 3.00 while the two hypotheses were rejected. This implies that tuition and examination fees had impact on students’ participation in public secondary schools in the study area. It is concluded that tuition and examination fees affect students’ participation in secondary education thereby, lowering the participation of students in secondary schools. Therefore, Kaduna State Government should ensure that students, day or boarding undertaking secondary education in public secondary schools should not be charged any fees.</p> 2021-03-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES OF BABY FRIENDLY HOSPITAL INITIATIVE AMONG MOTHERS IN SOUTH WESTERN NIGERIA 2021-03-19T12:33:56+00:00 Ogunba, B. O., Omotuase, O. O. Idemudia, S.O. <p>The death of so many children globally could be prevented yearly by adopting appropriate breastfeeding practices by mothers. Nigeria is making progress in exclusive breastfeeding very slowly compared to other African countries. The study assessed knowledge and practices of mothers on Baby Friendly Hospital Initiatives (BFHI) steps in Southwestern Nigeria. The study design was cross sectional and 183 consenting mothers were selected during postnatal clinic in selected primary health care centres. Pretested self-administered questionnaire was used to elicit information on socio economic characteristics, breastfeeding practices on BFHI and antenatal care attendance of mothers. SPSS IBM version 22.0 was used for data input and analysis. Mean age of mothers was 29.5±5.1. Mothers mean year of formal education was 13.2 ±3.3, business women (42.1%), civil servants (21.9%). Birth rate at the hospitals were 75.4%, practiced breastfeeding initiation less than one hour of birth (55.2%) fed baby colostrum (90.2%), while 61.7% were breastfed on demand. Only 28.4% expressed breastmilk, while the most recognised hunger sign and breastfeeding hold by mothers were stretching and rapid turning (73.8%) and cradle hold (86.9%). Chi-square shows no significant association between the mothers’ socio-economic characteristics and BFHI knowledge. It is concluded at mothers knowledge of the benefit of breastfeeding was on the average and experience of the BFHI steps was low especially with skills and support involved in breastfeeding. It is therefore recommended that health workers educate and train mothers on the BFHI and referred mothers to support group after hospital discharge</p> 2021-03-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 UTILIZATION OF LIME (Citrus aurantifolia (CHRISTM.)SWINGLE) SOLUTION FOR CLEANING FLOOR TILES BY HOUSEHOLDS IN IKWUANO LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF ABIA STATE 2021-03-19T12:38:43+00:00 Alozie, E N. Isiwu, E. C. <p>This paper examined the ways households in Abia State utilize lime solution in cleaning tiles, the advantages and the challenges of using lime solution in cleaning tiles. Using survey methodology, the study adopted multistage sampling technique. The study used a 16-item questionnaire to gather information from 135 respondents drawn from two major clans in Ikwuano Local Government Area of Abia state. Findings indicated that lime solution is not only effective in cleaning tiles but also other household equipment, thereby making it a multipurpose cleanser. Again, lime solution is homemade and inexpensive, but more importantly, the study found that lime solution is environmentally safe as it contains non-toxic chemicals and also leaves tiles feeling refreshed and scented. The challenges however demonstrated that the preparation of lime solution is time consuming (81%) and it could be problematic to those who are allergic to citrus fruits (50%). The paper therefore concluded that in view of the efforts by governments, manufacturers, and relevant stakeholders to rid the environment of biochemical waste, lime solution is a viable alternative for cleaning tiles as it contains essential oil which makes it a potential cleaning composition for tiles, and further presents a better option for households who are in need of an efficient multipurpose cleaning agent. Hence, further investigation on ways to improve the solution such that it can be used on other floor types is recommended</p> 2021-03-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 ASSESSMENT OF PARENTING STYLES ON IDENTITY STYLE DEVELOPMENT AMONG STUDENTS IN PUBLIC SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OGUN STATE 2021-03-19T12:41:36+00:00 Jimoh, G.O. Eni-Olorunda, J. T. Adubi K. O. Afolabi W. A. O. <p>This study assessed parenting styles on the identity style development of students in Public Senior Secondary Schools in Ogun State. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 396 adolescents (207 females and 189 males) from public senior secondary schools. The research instrument used was an adapted questionnaire. Data were analysed using frequency counts, percentages, mean, standard deviation and Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC). Findings revealed that 39.5% of the respondents reported that their parents were authoritative, 36.8% were authoritarian and 23.7% were permissive. Also, 37% of the respondents were informative, 35.7% were normative and 27.3% were diffuse avoidant. Pearson Product Moment Correlation showed significant relationship (P&lt;0.05) between authoritative parenting style and informative identity style (r=0.30), authoritarian parenting style and informative identity style. Authoritarian parenting style was significantly but inversely (P&lt;0.05) related to normative identity style (r=-0.23). Result also showed a significant (P&lt;0.05) relationship between permissive parenting style and diffuse avoidant identity style (r=0.373). It was concluded from the study that authoritative parenting style was commonly used by parents followed by authoritarian parenting style and lastly followed by permissive parenting style and the study was able to establish a significant relationship between parenting styles and adolescents identity style development.</p> 2021-03-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 PATTERNS AND FREQUENCY OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES CONSUMPTION AMONG THE RESIDENTS OF SOMOLU LGA OF LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA 2021-03-19T12:50:27+00:00 Ifebajo, A.Y Folahan, O.O Akinlade, A.R Odufuwa, B. <p>Poor consumption of fruits and vegetables have been identified as the sixth major risk factor for global mortality. This is because fruits and vegetables have been found to have protective effect against several types of cancers and cardiac diseases. The study was to determine the patterns and frequency of consumption of fruits and vegetables among adult resident in Somolu local government area of Lagos state Nigeria. A cross-sectional survey was adopted with a sample size of 1350 adults conveniently sampled based on their willingness to participate. A validated structured and pre-tested questionnaire was used for data collection on the demographic characteristics of the respondents, frequency of consumption of vegetables and fruits as well as factors that determines their choices. Data was presented using descriptive statistics and analyzed using inferential statistics. The result showed that about half (46.7%) of the respondents were in the age range of 39- 49years with (63.2%) married and (31.6%) had M.Sc. and above. Common fruits and vegetables consumed by the respondent include bananas (20.5%), pawpaw (15.2%), oranges (18.5%), okro (16.9%), garden eggs (14%) and tomatoes (13%). About 53% of the respondents consumed vegetables daily, while only 10% utilized fruits daily. Factors like availability (35.8%) taste (15.9%) and attractiveness (14.3%) were factors that determined their choices. No significant difference was observed in the consumption pattern of the male and female respondent. Consumption pattern of fruits was considerably low among adults in Somolu local government area of Lagos State while that of vegetables was fairly adequate.</p> 2021-03-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 CONSUMER ACCEPTABILITY AND PROXIMATE ANALYSIS OF SELECTED SNACKS PRODUCED WITH NATURAL SWEETENERS FOR CHILDREN AND CONSUMERS 2021-03-19T12:54:15+00:00 Gbadebo, C. T. Babayeju, A. A. Opaleke, D. O. Adefila, O. A. Oluwadare, A.A <p>The study investigated consumer acceptability and proximate analysis of selected snacks produced with selected natural sweeteners. Four (4) research questions were raised and one (1) hypothesis was tested. The research design adopted for this study is Research and Development Design (R&amp;D). Judges evaluated 8 coded samples produced for appearance, aroma, texture, taste and overall acceptability. Sensory Evaluation was judged on a 7 point hedonic scale ranging from“1”which indicates “Dislike” to “7” which indicates “Like’’ extremely using sensory evaluation score card (SESC). Proximate analysis was determined by calculating the nutrient content (Moisture, Protein, Ash, Fat, Crude fibre, and Carbohydrate). One way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to test for the significant differences in the nutrient and sensory properties of the samples. Result of sensory properties revealed that sample CHS (Chinchin with 100% sugar) was the most preferred in appearance, aroma, taste and overall acceptability (6.47±0.90). Result of nutritive composition showed that sample CHH (Chinchin with 100% Honey) has the highest protein (10.52%), fat (20.45%) and fiber (2.55%) contents. Results revealed a significant difference (P&lt;0.05) in the sensory evaluation of snacks produced with sugar only and those produced with selected natural sweeteners. The study concludes that snacks produced with natural sweeteners are nutritive for all classes of people. Therefore, there should be continuous education in nutrition to advise people of the health benefits of snacks produced with these natural sweeteners (date and honey) as its nutritive, antioxidants and medicinal contents for the growth and development of children and consumers is high.</p> 2021-03-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 FRUIT AND VEGETABLE CONSUMPTION AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS OF EGBEDA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, OYO STATE, NIGERIA 2021-03-19T13:04:56+00:00 Fadeiye E. O. Adekanmbi E. T. <p>The study assessed fruit and vegetable consumed, frequency of consumption and factors influencing consumption, among primary school pupils in Egbeda Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria. A multi stage sampling technique was adopted to select and interviewed 260 respondents. Descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and T-test were used for data analyses. Result showed that the mostly consumed vegetables among others were tomatoes (96.5%), onion (94.2%), carrot (92.7%), okro (88.1%), and bitter leaf (80.4%) while mango (97.7%), banana (96.2%), pineapple (93.8%), pawpaw (91.9%), apple (87.7%), African star apple (88.5%), and coconut (83.8%) were mostly consumed fruits. Public primary school pupils consumed vegetables such as tomato, onion, red pepper, jute leaf and carrot above three times/week more than private primary school pupils. Public school pupils consumed fruits such as apple, orange, mango, banana, African star apple and watermelon above three times/week less than their private school counterparts. Serving of vegetables and fruit at home, siblings like for vegetables and fruit, likes for the taste of vegetables and fruit and likes for home-made stew and for fruit juice were factors influencing consumption of vegetables and fruits among the school pupils. There was a significant relationship between factors affecting consumption (r=0.179, p=0.004) and their frequency of fruit consumption. There was also a significant difference (t =2.459) in frequency of fruit consumption among public and private primary school pupils. School integrated nutrition education programs and parental awareness is needed to ensure frequent consumption of fruit and vegetable among school pupils.</p> 2021-03-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 IMPLICATION OF FAMILY INSTABILITY ON CHILD UPBRINGING IN IBADAN SOUTH-WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, OYO STATE 2021-03-19T13:01:44+00:00 Mufutau, R. A Banjo, O.K. Odewumi D.O. Adewunmi, R. D Ikpomwen, K. K <p>The study assessed implication of family instability on child upbringing in Ibadan South West Local Government Area, Oyo State. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 60 respondents for the study. Structured questionnaire was used to collect data which were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools such as frequency distribution, percentages and mean while Chi-square was used to test the hypothesis at p≤0.05 level of significance. Results revealed that majority (56.7%) of the respondents were female, 88.3% were within ≤50years of age, majority (80.0%) of the respondents were married with 75.0% within household size category of 1-5 members. Causes of family instability were lack of unity (93.5%), lack of good communication (91.7%), and financial constraints (86.7%) among others. Also, child trafficking ( 2021-03-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 ASSESSMENT OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DAILY MENU AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS PUPILS IN LAGELU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OYO STATE NIGERIA 2021-03-19T13:09:58+00:00 Amuzat, A. O. <p>The study examined the relationship between daily menu of primary school pupils and their academic achievement in Lagelu Local government area of Oyo state. Ninety-six primary school pupils were randomly selected from twenty primary schools in the Local government area. The instrument used for the study was author constructed questionnaire. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistic in analysing the demographic information given and Z test was used in testing the hypothesis formulated. The result obtained showed that there is significant relationship between the socio-economic status of the respondents parents and their academic achievement, for example, over 71% of high academic achiever pupils parents were highly educated, over 78% of them were civil servants and teachers, 83% of them earn between N500 - 1M per annum and 85% of them come from small family size. The results further revealed a significant relationship between daily menu of the sampled participants and their academic achievement (Z- score 1. 787 &gt; 1.68). Furthermore, a summary of food intake by the respondents showed that High academic achiever pupils recorded 85% protein consumption, 67% of fat,40% of carbohydrates,:55% of vitamins and 57% of minerals as against those of Low academic achievers of 25% of protein, 33% of fat,60% of carbohydrates, 45% of vitamins and 43% of minerals. Therefore, government should provide school meal for primary school pupils as stipulated in UBE edict and parents should also provide their children with meal that are balanced for their good health and better academic performance.</p> 2021-03-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Tables of Contents 2021-03-23T06:57:56+00:00 IJFACS <p>ABOUT THE JOURNAL</p> <p>The International Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences (IJFACS) aims to publish high quality research on all aspects of Consumer Sciences/Home Economics and related fields. As an international academic journal, provides a global and multidisciplinary forum to understand consumers from psychology, sociology, anthropology, marketing and consumption economics perspectives. All submissions will go through a strict double-blind peerreviewed procedure based on strong theoretical conceptualization and rigorous research methods. Short research notes and commentary, with innovative approach and insightful ideas are also welcome.</p> 2021-03-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021