KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES OF BABY FRIENDLY HOSPITAL INITIATIVE AMONG MOTHERS IN SOUTH WESTERN NIGERIA

Authors

  • Ogunba, B. O.,
  • Omotuase, O. O.
  • Idemudia, S.O.

Keywords:

mothers, antenatal care, BFHI, knowledge and practice

Abstract

The death of so many children globally could be prevented yearly by adopting appropriate breastfeeding practices by mothers. Nigeria is making progress in exclusive breastfeeding very slowly compared to other African countries. The study assessed knowledge and practices of mothers on Baby Friendly Hospital Initiatives (BFHI) steps in Southwestern Nigeria. The study design was cross sectional and 183 consenting mothers were selected during postnatal clinic in selected primary health care centres. Pretested self-administered questionnaire was used to elicit information on socio economic characteristics, breastfeeding practices on BFHI and antenatal care attendance of mothers. SPSS IBM version 22.0 was used for data input and analysis. Mean age of mothers was 29.5±5.1. Mothers mean year of formal education was 13.2 ±3.3, business women (42.1%), civil servants (21.9%). Birth rate at the hospitals were 75.4%, practiced breastfeeding initiation less than one hour of birth (55.2%) fed baby colostrum (90.2%), while 61.7% were breastfed on demand. Only 28.4% expressed breastmilk, while the most recognised hunger sign and breastfeeding hold by mothers were stretching and rapid turning (73.8%) and cradle hold (86.9%). Chi-square shows no significant association between the mothers’ socio-economic characteristics and BFHI knowledge. It is concluded at mothers knowledge of the benefit of breastfeeding was on the average and experience of the BFHI steps was low especially with skills and support involved in breastfeeding. It is therefore recommended that health workers educate and train mothers on the BFHI and referred mothers to support group after hospital discharge

Author Biography

Ogunba, B. O.,

 Department of Family, Nutrition and Consumer Sciences,
Faculty of Agriculture, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria

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Published

2021-03-17