FRUIT AND VEGETABLE CONSUMPTION AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS OF EGBEDA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, OYO STATE, NIGERIA

Authors

  • Fadeiye E. O.
  • Adekanmbi E. T.

Keywords:

fruit, vegetable, school-age pupils, frequency, consumption

Abstract

The study assessed fruit and vegetable consumed, frequency of consumption and factors influencing consumption, among primary school pupils in Egbeda Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria. A multi stage sampling technique was adopted to select and interviewed 260 respondents. Descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and T-test were used for data analyses. Result showed that the mostly consumed vegetables among others were tomatoes (96.5%), onion (94.2%), carrot (92.7%), okro (88.1%), and bitter leaf (80.4%) while mango (97.7%), banana (96.2%), pineapple (93.8%), pawpaw (91.9%), apple (87.7%), African star apple (88.5%), and coconut (83.8%) were mostly consumed fruits. Public primary school pupils consumed vegetables such as tomato, onion, red pepper, jute leaf and carrot above three times/week more than private primary school pupils. Public school pupils consumed fruits such as apple, orange, mango, banana, African star apple and watermelon above three times/week less than their private school counterparts. Serving of vegetables and fruit at home, siblings like for vegetables and fruit, likes for the taste of vegetables and fruit and likes for home-made stew and for fruit juice were factors influencing consumption of vegetables and fruits among the school pupils. There was a significant relationship between factors affecting consumption (r=0.179, p=0.004) and their frequency of fruit consumption. There was also a significant difference (t =2.459) in frequency of fruit consumption among public and private primary school pupils. School integrated nutrition education programs and parental awareness is needed to ensure frequent consumption of fruit and vegetable among school pupils.

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Published

2021-03-17