FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY AND ANTHROPOMETRIC STATUS OF FARMERS IN OBOWO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, IMO STATE, NIGERIA

Authors

  • Asomugha, I. C Department of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike
  • Ejinkeonye, U. B. Department of Home Science, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike.
  • Korieocha, C. R Department of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike.

Keywords:

Food security, Nutrition security, Anthropometry

Abstract

The cross-sectional study assessed the food and nutrition security and anthropometric status of 355 farmers from 5 randomly selected communities out of the 14 in the Local Government Area. A structured questionnaire was used to elicit their personal data, food and nutrition security status and anthropometry. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze data collected while chisquare and Pearson’s correlation were used to associate food and nutrition security status of the farmers and anthropometric status. Food security indicators showed that 54.4% were food secure while the rest (40.4% and 5.2%) were food insecure without hunger and with hunger,
respectively. The nutrition security indicators showed that 60.2% of the farmers were nutrition secure while 31.9% and 7.9% were moderate and severe nutrition insecure, respectively. The anthropometric status by BMI of farmers revealed that 47.1% were overweight while 13.5% were normal. Waist-hip ratio showed that 52.7% and 30.4% were of moderate and high risks, respectively. Negative but significant relationship was noted between food security status and anthropometric status. The association between some nutrition security indicators and their BMI was positive and significant. This shows that improved food and nutrition security status is very crucial for maintenance of good health.

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Published

2022-11-29