PROXIMATE ANALYSIS AND SENSORY EVALUATION OF COMPOSITE COMPLEMENTARY FOODS USING DIFFERENT GRAINS

Authors

  • Olorundipe, K.I. Department of Home Economics and Food Science, University of Ilorin, Ilorin

Keywords:

Complementary foods, nutrients, malnutrition, infants, socioeconomic, growth, health

Abstract

Adequate nutrition is important during infancy and childhood where a short period of malnutrition has long lasting effects on growth, development and health in the adult life. The study was designed to evaluate the nutrient composition of complementary foods prepared from selected grains and their acceptability among nursing mothers in Ilorin South Local Government Area (LGA) of Kwara State, Nigeria. A descriptive design survey was adopted for the study. A total of 80 consenting mothers aged 18 years above were considered respondents. A pretested, semi-structured questionnaire with a reliability coefficient of 0.77 was used to collect respondents’ demographics. Results showed that 48(60%) of respondents are between ages twenty-five and thirty. Only 20(25%) of the respondents earn above N100, 000 monthly. Four samples; MMO (50% Maize and 50% Millet only), MMSG1 (35% Maize, 35% Millet, 20%
Soyabean, 10% Groundnut), MMSG2 (25% Maize, 25% Millet, 30% Soyabean, 20% Groundnut), MMSG3 (22% Maize, 25% Millet, 20% Soyabean, 30% Groundnut) of complementary food were formulated and tested for nutrient composition before preparation and
testing for taste, colour, texture, flavour and overall acceptability. Results of Proximate and sensory evaluation show that MMO contains the highest value of Carbohydrate and also the least value of protein and a fat and is the most acceptable of all samples. The study revealed that socioeconomic characteristics of respondents had influence on the overall acceptability of formulated complementary foods. The study recommended that utilization of local foods should be encouraged in preparing protein-energy balanced and nutrient dense complementary foods to battle malnutrition and aid proper growth in infants.C

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Published

2024-04-28